BRASILIA - APRIL 2008
The centre of the Brazilian political power is located in the Monumental Axis of Brasilia: The Plaza of the Three Powers (Legislative, Executive and Judicial) and the Ministries Esplanade. That's what will essentially be shown on this post.
"EAST - ESPLANADA DOS MINISTÉRIOS - From the TV Tower towards East, we see the Monumental Axis. First, there is the intersection with the Highway Axis, then we see the buildings of the Ministries on each side of the Esplanade"
"WEST - CONFERENCE CENTRE - On the other side, towards West, there is the Conference Centre, and a little bit further ahead, the JK (Juscelino Kubitschek de Oliveira) Memorial"
"NORTH - MULTIPURPOSE PAVILLION"
"SOUTH - CITY PARK - The park (420 hectares), much bigger than the Central Park in New York, was designed by landscaper Athos Bulcão and has skating tracks, soccer fields, racing kart tracks, lots of playgrounds, bars and restaurants, an artificial lake, a wave pool and lots of green space. Actually space is not at premium in Brasilia..."
"SOUTHEAST - The National Library, the Cultural Centre, the Cathedral, the Lake and the JK Bridge"
"PALÁCIO DA ALVORADA (Palace of Dawn), designed by Oscar Niemeyer, is the official residence of the President of Brazil. One of the first buildings to be built in Brasilia, its name comes from JK's quote: «... I look towards the future of my country and foresee this dawn with unbreakable faith in its great destiny...». It was inaugurated on June 30, 1958"
"CONGRESS - Located at the Plaza of the Three Powers, it consists of the Senate (81 members seating on the small dome on the left, three from each State and three from the Federal district) and the Chamber of Deputies (513 members elected proportionally, seating on the large dome on the right hand side of the picture). It was designed by Oscar Niemeyer"
"PLAZA OF THE THREE POWERS with the Congress buildings, the Historical Museum of Brasilia, with José Alves Pedroza's stone head of JK» on its façade (on the left), and the Niemeyer's «Marco», to commemorate the inscription of Brasilia on UNESCO's World Heritage List (on the right)"
"POMBAL (Pigeon's House) - A 20m high concrete sculpture by Oscar Niemeyer, asked for by Mrs. Eloá Quadros, wife of President Jânio Quadros"
"PALÁCIO DO PLANALTO (Plateau Palace), also designed by Niemeyer and located at the Plaza of the Three Powers, is the working office of the President of the Republic. It also includes the offices of the Vice-President and of the Chief of Staff"
"SUPREMO TRIBUNAL FEDERAL (Supreme Federal Court) - It is the highest court in Brazil. It also judges the constitutionality of laws passed by the National Congress. The statue of Justice by Alfredo Ceschiatti stays in front of the building"
"PANTEÃO DA PÁTRIA (The Nation’s Pantheon), in the form of a dove, is dedicated to honoring the memory of Brazilian national heroes, who represent ideals of freedom and democracy. It is named after the President Tancredo Neves, who died before taking office. In front we may see the most famous sculpture in Brazil - Os Guerreiros (The Warriors), better known as «Os Candangos» - by Bruno Giorgi dedicated to the workers who built Brasilia, as well as the «Pira da Pátria», a monument by Niemeyer with the symbolic fire"
"PANTHEON - It is one of 23 buildings in Brasília designed by Oscar Niemeyer that were listed as National Heritage Sites by the National Historic and Artistic Heritage Institute. On the left, the 100m high mast shows the (allegedly) largest flag in the world to be flown continuously"
"PALÁCIO DA JUSTIÇA - Another work from Niemeyer, it hosts the Ministry of Justice"
"ITAMARATY - The building of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, one of Niemeyer's most radiant buildings, is named after the original Itamaraty Palace in Rio de Janeiro. Athos Bulcão created the marble walls, Burle Marx designed the gardens, and Bruno Giorgi carved the sculpture Meteoro"
"PROCURADORIA GERAL DA REPUBLICA - The Office of the Attorney-General, head of the Public Attorneys' structure"
"NATIONAL THEATRE CLAUDIO SANTORO - Started on July 30th, 1960, it was officially completed (after many delays) in March, 1981. The National Theatre, with the shape of a truncated Aztec pyramid, is the biggest architectural centre created by Niemeyer in Brasilia"